新课标人教版英语高三复习Book Three Unit 1--5单元同步训练试题（附详解）
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从21 ─ 30各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
“Long time no see” is a very interesting sentence. When I first read this sentence from an American friend’s email, I laughed. I thought it was a perfect 11 of Chinglish. Obviously, it is a word-by-word literal(照字面意思的) translation of the Chinese greeting with a ruined English grammar and structure! Later on, my friend told me that it is a standard American 12 . I was too amazed to believe her. Her words could not convince me 13 . So I did a search on www.google.com. To my surprise, there are over 60 thousand web pages 14 “long time no see”. This sentence has been 15 used in emails, letters, newspapers, movies, books, or any other possible place. Though it is sort of informal, it is part of the language that Americans use daily. 16 , if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word, the software will tell you that the grammar needs to be corrected.
Nobody knows the 17 of this Chinglish sentence. Some people believe that it came from Charlie Chan’s movies. In the 1930s, Hollywood moviemakers successfully 18 a world wide famous Chinese detective named “Charlie Chan” on wide screens. Detective Chan liked to teach Americans some Chinese wisdom by quoting(引用) Confucius. “Long time no see” was his trademark. Soon after Charlie Chan, “Long time no see” became a popular phrase in the real world thanks to the popularity of these movies.
Some scholars compare America to a huge pot of stew(大熔炉). All kinds of culture are mixed in the stew together, and they 19 the color and taste of each other. American Chinese, though a minority ethnic(少数民族的) group in the United States, is also influenced some changes to the stew! Language is usually the first thing to be 20 in the mixed stew.
11.A. word B. sign C. example D. change
12.A. custom B. greeting C. habit D. proverb
13.A. almost B. in all C. at all D. after all
14.A. publishing B. printing C. containing D. expressing
15.A. seldom B. hardly C. widely D. deeply
16.A. Unfortunately B. Luckily C.Suddenly D. However
17.A. use B meaning C .expression D. origin
18.A. did B. published C. created D. discovered
19.A. improve B. change C. lower D. promote
20.A. mentioned B. used C. considered D. influenced
11. C 句意：这完全是意个汉语式英语的例子。
12. B Long time no see本身就是招呼语。
13. C not at all一点也不。
14. C 句意：有好多包含long itme no see的网页。
15. C be widely used被广泛使用。
16. D 前后句之间为转折关系。
17. D 根据句意应为D. origin起源。
18. C create创造。一个根本不存在的人。
19. B 在这样一个大熔炉里，各种文化互相渗透。
20. D 根据前句is also influenced可知。
第二节 语法填空（共10小题; 每小题1.5分，满分15分）
阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31 ─ 40的相应位置上。
Jean is a 17-year-old high school student. On Saturday mornings, Jean and her friends take part in the program 31 (call) SAVE THE KIDS. They travel to a poor area of Washington D.C.. They help younger students learn 32 to read and to solve mathematics problems. Many American teenagers join in programs 33 serve their communities. On weekends Jean sometimes works at an ice-cream store. When she is not working, she gets together with her girlfriends. They might go to a movie, to a shopping mall or to an eating place. Or they might attend 34 sports event of their high school. They also often stay at one girl’s house for the night.
35 teenagers in most parts of the country, Jean began driving a car when she was 16 years old. She does not have her car, however. She must 36 the family car with her parents. About 70 percent of American teenagers have their own cars. Many of them drive their cars to school every day. Jean does not smoke cigarettes 37 drink alcohol. 38 do her friends. But many teenagers at her school do. Drinking alcohol is a major problem there. Every weekend teenagers have parties, where they drink alcohol. Then they drive to other parties. People under the age of 21 39 (not allow) to drink alcohol in the United States. And it is 40 (danger) to drink and drive a car. Yet this does not stop some teenagers.
31. called 过去分词作定语，相当于which is called。
32. how 是“疑问词+to do”结构，表示方式、方法，用how (怎样，如何)。
33. that/which 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语。
34. a 指泛指的“某一项运动”。
35. Like 表示“像……一样”，用介词like。
36. share 表示“共用”。
37. or 否定的并列要用or。
38. Neither/Nor 表“某人也一样不”，用neither或nor，句式用部分倒装。
39. are not allowed 指“不被允许”。
40. dangerous 作表语要用形容词。
No. 1 Will the economic climate improve this year?
I don't think we will see too much improvement this year, but of course I hope so. For us, evidence of a turn-around is when our customers start increasing orders from what they had previously forecast, rather than the other way round，which has been happening for the past couple of years.
No. 2 Will technology replace workers in the future or create more jobs?
Technology will continue to make business and industry more efficient. As we have seen since the Industrial Revolution，jobs will shift from place to place within the economy. But if we begin to consider technology as anything but a series of tools used by humanity to further the goals of humanity, then there is a chance that jobs will be lost and not replaced.
No. 3 How important is an MBA compared to experience?
I won't say a degree isn't important, but nothing beats experience. When I look at potential employees, I look at what they have accomplished in the past that I can use to help me tomorrow.
No. 4 How can you ensure your job is safe with the economy so shaky?
No job is safe. Never will be. The half-life of any particular skill set is，at most, five years. And that's on the long side. What will keep you alive? Be curious, be willing to learn, have a moral compass and know what gives your life meaning.
No. 5 When the job market is this bad，how can you distinguish yourself as a candidate？
Know the company，its competitive position, recent announcements, stock-price history. Do a Google or Yahoo search on the person you'll be meeting with and you should be able to find something about him or her. Then develop an “outsider's view” of their key needs and opportunities. Do everything you can to be the solution to someone else's problem.
No. 6 I'm graduating from business school this spring. Any job advice?
If you haven't already secured an internship（职业院校证）within your chosen field, do so now. Take any internship; forget about being paid. You are after two things: experience in your field and the opportunity to check out/hook out onto a possible employee. Your connections, and your connections' connections, will be the hot ticket to get you in the door for job interviews.
41. What is implied about the economy for the past few years in No. 1?
A. It has been much held back.
B. It has been increasing fast.
C. There is great improvement in the field.
D. It is going fast backward.
42. Which statement is true according to the passage?
A. Only being curious can keep one alive.
B. Having an MBA will be highly paid.
C. Technology will replace workers without any conditions.
D. Experience is above all.
43. What should a job candidate have?
A. Self-introduction and the company's secret.
B. A knowledge of the company's history and wealth.
C. An MBA and work experience.
D. A sense for the company，computer knowledge and experience.
44. What does the underlined word “secured” mean in No. 6?
A. sought. B. regained. C. made. D. bought.
45. What does the whole passage mainly tell us?
A. No job is safe. Never will be.
B. The better economy, the more jobs.
C. Have a good sense of job chances.
D. A moral compass is a good character.
41. A 本文介绍找工作时该注意的方面。在第一条里，作者说近几年的情况是顾客订购的产品比预料的少，这就是明证，表明经济的发展不是会改善，而是相反的（turn-around)，也就是说近几年经济的发展，今年也不会有所改善。
42. D 从第四节可知，我们要随时了解我们靠什么赖以生存，要有好奇心，因此A陈述不正确，B,C是作者批驳的观点，而D 在第6节提到，说不要只顾及待遇，我们寻找的是经验和机会，因此本项陈述是正确的。
43. D 在本文最后两节提到寻找工作时要记住的方面，那就是要了解公司的情况，这可以使用大型搜索网站，同时要有工作经验，什么工作都可以试试，不要只记得待遇。
44. A 从语境看，后面说“拿一个，忘掉待遇问题”，由这些看，该词的含义应该是“寻求，获得”。
45. C 全文介绍在经济滑坡、科技发展的今天，如何面对就业市场。
Kincaid looked at his watch: eight-seventeen. The truck started on the second try, and he backed out, shifted gears, and moved slowly down the alley under hazy sun. Through the streets of Bellingham he went, heading south on Washington 11, running along the coast of Puget Sound for a few miles, then following the highway as it swung east a little before meeting U.S Route 20.
Turning into the sun, he began the long, winding drive through the Cascades. He liked this country and felt unpressed stopping now and then to make notes about interesting possibilities for future expeditions or to shoot what he called “memory snapshots.” The purpose of these causal photographs was to remind him of places he might want to visit again and approach more seriously. In later afternoon he turned north at Spokane, picking up U.S Route 2, which would take him halfway across the northern United States to Duluth, Minnesota.
He wished for the thousandth time in his life that he had a dog, a golden retriever, maybe, for travels like this and to keep him company at home. But he was frequently away; overseas much of the time and it would not be fair to the animal. Still, he thought about it anyway. In a few years he would be getting too old for the hard fieldwork. “I must get a dog then.” He said to himself.
Drives like this always put him into a sentimental mood. The dog was part of it. Robert Kincaid was alone as it’s possible to be – an only child, parents both dead, distant relatives who had lost track of him and he of them, no close friends.
He thought about Marian. She had left him nine years ago after five years of marriage. He was fifty–two now, that would make her just under forty. Marian had dreams of becoming a musician, a folksinger. She knew all of the Weavers’ songs and sang them pretty well in the coffeehouse of Seattle. When he was home in the old days, he drove her to the shows and sat in the audience while she sang.
His long absences – two or three months sometimes – were hard on the marriage. He knew that. She was aware of what he did when they decided to get married, and both of them had a vague (not clear) sense that it could all be handled somehow. It couldn’t when he came from photographing a story in Iceland and, she was gone. The note read, “Robert, it didn’t work out, I left you the Harmony guitar. Stay in touch.”
He didn’t stay in touch. Neither did she. He signed the divorce papers when they arrived a year later and caught a plane for Australia the next day. She had asked for nothing except her freedom.
46. Which route is the right one taken by Kincaid?
A. Bellingham – Washington 11 – Puget Sound – U.S Route 20 – U.S Route 2 – Duluth
B. U.S. Route 2 – Bellingham – Washington 11 – Puget Sound – U.S Route 20 – Duluth
C. U.S. Route 2 – U.S Route 20 – Duluth – Bellingham – Washington 11
D. Bellingham – Washington 11 –U.S. Route 2 –U.S Route 20 –Duluth
47. Which statement is true according to the passage?
A. Kincaid’s parents were dead and he only kept in touch with some distant relatives.
B. Kincaid would have had a dog if he hadn’t been away from home too much.
C. Kincaid used to have a golden retriever.
D. Kincaid needed a dog in doing his hard fieldwork.
48. Why did Kincaid stop to take photos while driving?
A. To write “memory snapshots”.
B. To remind himself of places he might want to visit again.
C. To avoid forgetting the way back.
D. To shoot beautiful scenery along the road.
49. What can you know about Marian?
A. She died after five years of marriage.
B. She was older than Kincaid.
C. She could sing very well and earned big money.
D. She was not a professional pop singer.
50. We can draw a conclusion from the passage that _____
A. Marian knew what would happen before she married Kincaid.
B. Kincaid thought his absence would be a problem when he married Marian.
C. It turned out that Marian could not stand Kincaid’s absence and left him.
D. After Marian left him, they still kept in touch with each other.
46. A. 从第一，二自然段可看出。
47. B. 从第三自然段中的He wished for the thousandth time in his life that he had a dog... But he was frequently away; overseas much of the time and it would not be fair to the animal 可得出此答案。
48. B. 从第二自然段中的The purpose of these causal photographs was to remind him of places he might want to visit again... 可得出此答案。
49. D. 从第五自然段中的Marian had dreams of becoming a musician, a folksinger. 可得出此答案。
50. C. 从文章中最后两自然段中可得出此结论。
We have seen that humor and laughter positively influence our body in many ways, but little research has been done on whether a better sense of humor actually helps keep you from getting sick. However, since people with a better sense of humor have higher IgA levels, and since research has shown that those with higher levels of salivary （唾液的） IgA are less likely to get colds or be infected with Streptococcus, humor should reduce the frequency of colds.
The only study to directly examine this question found that the impact of one’s sense of humor upon colds depends on the kind of sense of humor you have. It was only individuals whose sense of humor took the form of seeking out and appreciating humor who had fewer and less severe colds/flu than their low humor counterparts. Surprisingly, those whose sense of humor took the form of initiating humor more often did not have fewer or less severe colds/flu. The researchers argued that being a person who likes to tell jokes or otherwise initiate humor takes them into more frequent contact with other people, which serves to expose them to infectious agents more often, robbing them of the advantage that a more active sense of humor otherwise offers. Obviously, more research is required to clear up this confusing picture.
The importance of active use of one’s sense of humor in producing humor’s health benefits was confirmed in another study in an unusual way. It found that among a group of mothers with newborn infants, those who actively used humor to cope with the stress in their lives had fewer upper respiratory infections and their infants also had fewer infections. This seemed to be because these mothers had higher levels of immunoglobulin A (免疫球蛋白A) in their breast milk.
Among adults, if we look at bodily symptoms alone, independent of any diagnosed illness, there is some evidence that individuals who have more negative reactions to humor report more bodily symptoms and complaints. Students complaining of cardiovascular (心脏血管的) symptoms and gastroenterological (肠胃病的) symptoms also have been shown to have this more negative reaction to humor.
51. What does the passage maily talk about?
A. People with a good sense of humor get sick less often.
B. Humor can reduce the frequency of colds / flu.
C. Any form of humur can prevent people from getting sick.
D. Humor can treat illness.
52. According to the passage, IgA is _______.
A. a medicine B. enzyme C. factor D. measure
53. Which of the following is WRONG according to the second paragraph?
A. The impact of one’s sense of humor upon colds depends on the kind of sense of humor one has.
B. People whose sense of humor take the form of seeking out and appreciating are less likely to get colds / flu than those who initiate humor.
C. People telling jokes before the public are easy to get infected.
D. The study has drawn a sure conclusion about what kind of people can get fewer colds.
54. Why do newborn infants whose mothers use humor to deal with stress have fewer infections?
A. Because they don't often get upper respiratory infections.
B. Because they are stronger since they were born.
C. Possibly because of the higher higher levels of immunoglobulin A in their breast milk.
D. Because their mothers take better care of them.
55. Some bad bodily symptoms shows ___________ towards humor.
A. a positive attitude B. a negative attitude
C. a neutral attitude D. an unclear attitude
54．C 第三段的最后一句 “This seemed to be because these mothers had higher levels of immunoglobulin A （免疫球蛋白A）in their breast milk.” 说明了原因。
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56. Susie got her driving license two months ago. But last week when she was going along a quiet road, another car following her hit her from behind. She was not hurt seriously, but the her car was quite damaged and the driver ran away at great speed. She hasn’t any evidence except for the car number she remembers.
57. Mr. Samdos has recently got a large fortune from his uncle who lives abroad. He wants to quit his job as an engineer and starts his own company. Not having done that before, he is at a loss how to start his company.
58. Mr. Johnson is a worker for maintenance in his company and he often has to work overtime. But due to some managerial reason, for years he hasn’t received any extra pay for that.
59. Mr. William is a successful businessman and he owns a few corporations. To his sadness, one of his corporations suffered huge loss when co-operating with another big corporation in a new business deal. He wants to break from the partnership, but the partner asks for a higher price than he is willing to accept.
60. Mr. Black shared a parking lot with Mr. Cambell, who lives next to him. But last month, Mr. Cambell built a wall around the lot, which makes it impossible for Mr. Black to park his car in the lot without a key. But Mr. Cambell claims the lot to be his own.
56. C Susie发生了交通意外，而C则专门负责交通意外的案子。
57. D Mr. Samdos 刚得到一大笔钱，想辞职开办公司，而D是专门帮助客户筹备开设公司事宜的。
58. A Mr. Johnson 是公司的维修保养工人，经常要加班，但好几年没有收到加班工资，A专门处理和工作职务有关的纠纷。
59. E Mr. William 是商人，但其旗下一公司和别人合作时失败，Mr. William想中止合作，但对方要价甚高，而E专门处理公司及其与银行之间的债务纠纷。
60. B Mr. Black 原来和邻居共用一块停车场，但其邻居不久前将该场地独占，而B专门处理邻里纠纷。
1. 打电话的原因； 2. 房间内有烟味，(你订的是无烟房间)；
3. 浴水没出息热水； 4. 电脑有故障，不能上网；
2. 开头已给出： This is Room 2818. ……
This is Room 2818.I’m calling to complain about the room I'm staying in. I booked a non-smoking room last week but this room is smoky. Disappointed to find there is no hot water in the bathroom, the computer doesn't work and I can't get onto the Internet. I’m not really happy with the room and I would be grateful if you can change it for me.
It is well known that English learning is fairly important to the student, but also it is a money hunter. That is, students are, day by day, challenging the knowledge from a sea of reference books, cassette tapes, CDs and even VCDs.
Buying books is always the biggest sum of a student's expense, which has ranged from 10 to 60 RMB yuan during the latest decades. Perhaps VCDs may help students improve listening comprehension. Therefore, they have spent 50 RMB yuan on VCDs.
No one can deny the fact that CDs have something to do with learning English. In most situations, they are helpful to improve our understanding of foreign cultures, which are often considered difficult and tedious (=boring) for students to learn form the textbooks. Compared with this, listening tapes is rather boring, so in 1999 a student spent less than 20 RMB yuan on tapes.
However, much money does not mean obtaining a better acquisition of foreign language. It depends1 on how hard one works.
While learning English, students buy reference books, tapes, CDs or VCDs, which cost them a large sum of money. These tools are helpful in learning English but they aren't everything.
I can't agree more. Reference books are necessary in solving difficulties; tapes are needed to improve listening; VCDs provide fun. With their assistance, we may find it easier and more interesting to learn English well. Therefore, having some necessary books or CDs is useful.
For example, an English-Chinese dictionary and an English-English dictionary are the basic tools for me. And I buy one reference book to go with each textbook. Besides, I prefer CDs to VCDs because CDs are more convenient in school. I seldom buy tapes since I don't have a tape-recorder.
Therefore, to make a sensible choice based on your own situation is important. More importantly, make full use of what you've got. Otherwise, no matter how much money you spend, It may be merely a waste.